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GEOGRAPHICAL SITUATION, CLIMATE, EXTENSION, ETC.

Romania  Romania flag


Gallery of photos:


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania#Image_gallery

www.romaniatourism.com/ - 36k

 

 

Geographic location: South-East of Central Europe, North of the Balkan Peninsula, in the Lower Danube basin, bordering on the Black Sea.

Boundaries:
- East: Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova and the Black Sea;
- South: Bulgaria;
- South and South-West: Serbia;
- West: Hungary;
- North: Ukraine.

Area:238,391 sq.km (12th largest in Europe).

Border Length: 3,190.3 km

Geological Age: The same as the European Continent, roughly 550 million years.

Physical features: Mountains (31%), hills and plateaus (33%), plains (36%).

Hydrography: The river Danube in the south of the country, length 1,075 km (out of the total 2,850 km from its source to its flowing into the sea).
Other Rivers: Mures, Olt, Prut, Siret, Ialomita, Somes, Arges, Jiu, Buzau, Bistrita etc.
Lakes: approximately 2,300 lakes and over 1,150 ponds (2,650 sq.km). The best known are Razelm (415 sq.km), Sinoe (171 sq.km), Brates (21 sq.km), Tasaul (20 sq.km), Techirghiol (12 sq.km) and Snagov (5.8 sq.km).

Climate: Temperate continental, with oceanic influences from the West, Mediteranean from the South-West, excessive continental from the North-East. Mean annual temperatures: ranging between 8°C in the North and 11°C in the South. Average annual rainfall does not exceed 700 m.

 

Capital:

Bucharest municipality (1,521 sq.km, divided into six administrative districts, with a population of 2,066,723 lies in the South-Eastern part of the country, in the Romanian Plain (altitude 85 m). It dates back to the 14th century and the first written attestation dates as early as 1459, as residence of prince Vlad the Impaler. Capital of Wallachia in the 17th-19th centuries and then of Romania since 1862, Bucharest is the most important political, economic, cultural and scientific centre of the country. It is crossed by the river Dambovita and is bordered by pitoresque lakes on the valley of Colentina. Bucharest is a city featuring a rich vegetetion, wide parks, which has inspired the name of 'garden-city'.
Bucharest is a lively city with monumental buildings, outstanding architectural values, interesting museums, theatres, opera house, exhibition halls, memorial houses, universities, central public and administrative offices. The Parliament Palace, for instance, is the second largest building in the world, behind the Pentagon. Bucharest is also the largest industrial centre of Romania, with numerous factories and plants of all kinds (iron-and-steel, engineering, fine mechanics, tanning yards, food industry).

Administrative division: 41 counties and Bucharest municipality (with a county status), 260 towns (out of which 57 municipalities), 2,688 communes (with about 13,000 villages).
Main cities: (inhabitants as of 7 January 1992): Constanta (350,581), Iasi (344,425), Timisoara (334,115), Cluj-Napoca (328,602), Galati (326,141), Brasov (323,786), Craiova (303,959). Twenty-five cities have a population of over 100,000, while eight cities exceed 300,000.

Port towns:
By the Black Sea: Constanta (can take ships of over 150,000 dwt). Mangalia and Sulina (free port).
On the Danube: Turnu Severin, Turnu Magurele, Giurgiu, Oltenita, Cernavoda, Braila, Galati, Tulcea (these last three are both river and sea ports).
The Danube-Black Sea Canal: (64.2 km long) between Cernavoda and Agigea-Constanta was opened to traffic in 1984. Following the inauguration of the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal in 1992, it facilitates a direct connection to the North Sea. It is navigable for river and sea-going ships of up to 5,000 dwt.

Airports: Bucharest-Otopeni, Constanta-Mihail Kogalniceanu, Suceava, Arad, Timisoara (all for international traffic, as well), Bacau, Baia Mare, Bucharest-Baneasa, Caransebes, Cluj, Craiova, Deva, Iasi, Oradea, Satu-Mare, Targu Mures, Tulcea.

National flag:
Three equal vertical stripes - red, yellow and blue (next to the staff).

National Coat-of-Arms:
(since 1992)
An eagle holding a cross in its beak and a sword and a sceptre in its claws, as well as the symbols of the five historical provinces - Wallachia, Moldova, Transylvania, Banat and Dobrogea.

National day:
December 1 (anniversary of the 1918 union of all Romanians into a single state).

Form of government:
Republic, according to the
Constitution voted by Parliament on 21 November 1991 and validated by national referendum on 8 December 1991 revised through Law nr. 429/2003. The two-chamber Parliament (the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate), elected for a four-year term, is the people's supreme representative body and the sole law-making autority. The president is elected by universal vote for two four-year terms at the most. The Government, validated by Parliament, provides general management of the public administration.

The data featured in this page is taken from the Statistical Yearbook of Romania (2000)

 

 

More information:

http://www.state.gov/p/eur/ci/ro/

http://www.dmoz.org/Regional/Europe/Romania/

enrin.grida.no/htmls/romania/soe2000/eng/romania.htm - 10k –

www.excite.es/viajes/guias/europa/romania - 24k

 

POPULATION, DEMOGRAPHY

 

Population (according to the January 2002 census): 21.698.181 inhabitants.
Density:91 inhabitants per sq.km. About 9 million Romanians live abroad - in Europe, about 4 million in the Republic of Moldova and 2 million in Hungary, Serbia, Greece, Albania; over 2 million in the United States of America and Canada; others in South America, South Africa and Australia.
Distribution by age groups: 0-14 years - 22.7%, 15-18 years - 7.4%, 20-34 years - 22.3%, 35-54 years - 25.3%, 55-64 years - 11.4%, 70-79 years - 6.4%, over 80 years - 4.5%.

Demographic structure: Romanians - 89.5%; Hungarians (plus Szecklers) – 6.6%; Rroma pop. – 2.5%; other nationalities - 1.4%.
Life expectancy - men 66.5 years; women 73.2 years.

Population growth (census years): 8,600,000 (1859), 12,923,600 (1912), 18,052,896 (1930), 15,872,624 (1948), 17,489,450 (1956), 19,103,163 (1966), 21,559,910 (1977).

 

Currency: Lei (Ron)

 

LANGUAGE/S

Romanian. Other languages, such as Hungarian, German, Romani, Ukrainian and Serbian, are official at various local levels.


CUSTOMS, TRADITIONS

The culture of Romania is rich and varied. Like Romanians themselves, it is fundamentally defined as the meeting point of three regions: Central Europe, Eastern Europe, and the Balkans, but cannot be fully included in any of them. The Romanian identity formed on a substratum of mixed Roman and quite possibly Dacian elements (although the latter is controversial), with many other influences. During late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, the major influences came from the Slavic peoples who migrated and settled in nearby Bulgaria, Serbia, Ukraine and eventually Russia; from medieval Greeks and the Byzantine Empire; from a long domination by the Ottoman Empire; from the Hungarians; and from the Germans living in Transylvania. Modern Romanian culture emerged and developed over roughly the last 250 years under a strong influence from Western culture, particularly French and German culture.

More information:

Romanian Culture
http://www.culture.ro/

Welcome to Romania
Tourism in Romania
http://www.turism.ro/

Romanian Tour
http://www.romaniantour.ro/

RoTravel, your web guide to Romania
http://www.rotravel.com/

Romanian Tourism
http://www.romaniantourism.ro/

Info Tourism
http://www.infoturism.ro/

Tourism info
http://www.turisminfo.ro/

Hotels.ro
http://www.hotels.ro/

Yellow Pages
http://www.paginiaurii.ro/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania#Culture_links

www.romaniatourism.com/ - 36k

 

ECONOMY, RESOURCES

With a GDP per capita (PPP) of 10,661 estimated for 2007, Romania is considered an upper-middle income economy and has been part of the European Union since 1 January 2007. After the Communist regime was overthrown in late 1989, the country experienced a decade of economic instability and decline, led in part by an obsolete industrial base and a lack of structural reform. From 2000 onwards, however, the Romanian economy was transformed into one of relative macroeconomic stability, characterised by high growth, low unemployment and declining inflation. In 2006, according to the Romanian Statistics Office, GDP growth was recorded at 7.7%, one of the highest rates in Europe. Unemployment in Romania was at 4.5% in April 2007[14] which is very low compared to other middle-sized or large European countries such as Poland, France, Germany and Spain. Foreign debt is also comparatively low, at 20.3% of GDP. Exports have increased substantially in the past few years, with a 25% year-on-year rise in exports in the first quarter of 2006. Romania's main exports are clothing and textiles, industrial machinery, electrical and electronic equipment, metallurgic products, raw materials, cars, military equipment, software, pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals, and agricultural products (fruits, vegetables, and flowers). Trade is mostly centred on the member states of the European Union, with Germany and Italy being the country's single largest trading partners. The country, however, maintains a large trade deficit, as it imports 37% more goods than it exports.

After a series of privatisations and reforms in the late 1990s and early 2000s, government intervention in the Romanian economy is somewhat lower than in other European economies. In 2005, the liberal-democrat Tăriceanu government replaced Romania's progressive tax system with a flat tax of 16% for both personal income and corporate profit, resulting in the country having the lowest fiscal burden in the European Union, a factor which has contributed to the growth of the private sector. The economy is predominantly based on services, which account for 55% of GDP, even though industry and agriculture also have significant contributions, making up 35% and 10% of GDP, respectively. Additionally, 32% of the Romanian population is employed in agriculture and primary production, one of the highest rates in Europe. Since 2000, Romania has attracted increasing amounts of foreign investment, becoming the single largest investment destination in Southeastern and Central Europe.

More information:

www.un.ro/Romania.html - 18k - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania#Economy_links www.itcnet.ro/folk_festival/romania.htm - 2k -

 

PUBLIC TRANSPORT

 

Go to :

www.ratb.ro

Metrou Bucuresti

http://www.metrorex.ro/

Transport Aerian Roman

Tarom

http://www.tarom.ro/

Trenuri

http://www.cfr.ro/

 

http://esteast.unep.ch/default.asp

www.ebrd.com/oppor/procure/opps/goods/tenders/070724a.htm - 24k -

www.romaniatourism.com/while.html - 53k -

 

DRIVING LICENSE

 

Drivers’ license (to exchange)

Same EU provision

 

HOUSING

 

Housing

1.      Accomodation in each country (links with different webs, type of lodging, ways to find lodging,…)

2.      The best options to find a rental home or to buy a house or flat.

3.      Rules which you should know before you rent a house or flat.

4.      Rules which you should know before you buy a house or flat

5.      Aids for immigrants

Accommodation

For full service providing of online apartment reservation services, are offering great service for apartments by many real estate agencies. Apartments are an alternative to hotels, modern spaces and sense of comfort, fully equipped.

Contacting a real estate agency you will find accommodation paying 70% less then if you go to a hotel.

1 room apartment: 40-60 €/day

2 rooms apartment: 50-90 €/day

Short Term Rental

Short term rental means you can rent an apartment between 1 day and 1 month, for 70% less price then on a hotel.

You can rent an apartment or a studio on a daily basis too.

If you select your choice of hotel check availability and Book Online with immediate confirmation. Your reservation is a real time process and carried out on a secure online booking system.

 

More information:

http://www.apartment.ro/ro

 

AIDS, GRANTS, SCHOLARSHIPS IN THE SOCIAL FIELD

 

Grants in the social field (medical aids, housing aids, education aids, ….):

Not the case

 

EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBERS, HOSPITALS, TOWN HALLS

 

Go to:

http://en.einformatii.ro/

http://www.ghidul.ro/telefoane.php

Hospitals

http://www.util21.ro/sanatate/spitale-clinice-universitare-Romania.htm

Ambulant service

http://www.util21.ro/sanatate/servicii-ambulanta-Romania.htm

Primary care

http://www.util21.ro/institutii/primarii-din-Romania-resedinta.htm

 

Living and working in Romania

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