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Educational system of the country


Preschool Education 

Children between 3 and 7 years of age can be enrolled in kindergartens operating on a regular or extended day programme, or on a week-long programme. Pre-school education is running on three levels: infant, middle and junior groups, according to the age and the skills of the children. To ensure the best possible integration into primary education, the children aged of 5-6(7) years old enter preparatory groups.

General Compulsory Education         

General compulsory education consists in 10 grades (starting with 2003-2004).

Based on the ILO and the EU regulations, the age for starting school went down to 6 beginning with the academic year 2003 - 2004 (see the Law on Education 84/1995). The 10 years of compulsory education bring the students to the age of legal employment (16), when a decision about study or work can be made.

Lower-secondary education (grades 5-8 or 5-9 starting with 2003-2004)

This level ends with an examination for obtaining the capacity certificate, which allows enlisting to the contest for admission to the upper-secondary education.

Upper-Secomdary Education

Upper-secondary education involves high schools, vocational schools and apprenticeship schools. Admission to each level is based on a contest.

High school is organized as a morning programme, with a duration of four years (grades 9-12) and as an evening or extramural programme, with a duration of five years (grades 9-13).

Post-Secondary Education

Post-secondary education is organized by the Ministry of Education and Research on its own initiative or on request of the economic agents. The study period may vary from 1 - 3 years, according to the complexity of the job.


Education for National Minorities     

The persons belonging to national minorities are entitled to study and receive instruction in their mother tongue, at all levels and forms of education. In vocational and high school public education (technical, economic, administrative, agricultural, forestry, agro-mountain) as well as in post-secondary education, specialty training is provided in the mother tongue, but learning of the specialty terminology in Romanian is mandatory. On request it is possible to set up higher education institutions with multicultural profile for promoting interethnic co-habitance and national and European integration. In the public university education, sections, groups and colleges with tuition in mother tongue may be established, upon request, in order to train the necessary staff for the teaching and cultural-artistic activities.

At all levels of education, the entrance and graduation tests are taken in Romanian, except for the schools, classes and specialization forms in which teaching is provided in the respective mother tongue, with suitable teaching staff and textbooks.


Special Education      

Special Education is provided to pre-schoolers and pupils with mental, physical, sensorial deficiencies etc. for the purpose of instruction, as well as for their recuperation and social integration. Special education is based on study plans, curricula, handbooks and teaching methodologies designed for each type and degree of handicap. The network involves kindergartens, primary schools, junior high schools, vocational schools, high schools and post-secondary schools.


The Romanian education system is open to foreign citizens. Foreign citizens are accepted to attend Study Programs in Romania at any of the above levels.



Foreign students wishing to study in Romania can apply directly to the Ministry of National Education, (specifying the Romanian university they have already contacted or they wish to attend), in order to receive the letter of acceptance.

For registration the following documents are necessary:


    * Application form

    * Baccalaureate diploma for undergraduate studies

    * Graduation certificate - for postgraduate applicants

    * Academic record translated into English, French or German


The official documents have to be submitted personally, in original, at registration in Romania. Before coming to Romania the documents need to be endorsed by the Romanian Embassy in the home country.

Foreign students, who began to study in their home country or in another country, can finish their studies in Romania. This is possible according to each individual case, after the recognition and equivalence of diplomas.

Since 1998 the Romanian universities introduced the ECTS that facilitates student mobility within European universities.

Most of the Romanian universities offer some of their courses in English, French and German. Usually, the foreign students learn Romanian during the preparatory year. The candidates who speak Romanian can skip the preparatory year after having passed a test od Romanian language. The candidates, who can formally prove that they have done their studies in Romanian for at least four years consecutively, do not need to pass the Romanian language test or to attend the preparatory year.

Further information is available at any Romanian university and at the Ministry of National Education of Romania, the Department of International Relations: 12 Spiru Haret Street, 70738 Bucuresti, Romania; telephone + 40 1 313 1013; 315 7430 ext. 233 or ext. 357; fax + 40 1 312 6614.




No admission examination is required.

The foreign students wishing to study architecture, arts or sports, have to pass a test for specific skills.

For Ph.D. studies the applicants have to pass an admission examination in order to prove the required level of knowledge.

The registration is done directly at the institution chosen by the candidates.

Tuition Fees are applicable for foreign citizens studying on their own



The admission to studies is also granted on the basis of some scholarships offered by the Romanian government. Those interested are invited to contact the Romanian embassy in their home country.


More information:

www.loc.gov/rr/international/european/romania/resources/ro-education.html - 10k -

www.euroeducation.net/prof/romco.htm - 88k -

www.schoolboard-scotland.com/conference/Workshops/Romania.htm - 22k -

countrystudies.us/romania/47.htm - 18k





Higher Education       

Higher education in Romania is organised on four levels: license, master, PhD and postdoctoral studies. Graduation of any of the four levels is concluded with recognised diplomas in the UE and the USA space. The higher education is split into the following branches: universitarian, medical, juridical, artistic, technic, agricultural, business and sport.

In Romania there are 56 acredited state universities, 20 private universities and 6 schools of further academic studies.

Post-graduate studies: comprises:

    * master academic studies are 1-2 years long and 60 transferable credits for an academic year, offering a high qualification level;

    * Phd academic studies are 3 years long, and aim the development of knowledge through genuine scientific research;

    * post-doctoral studies are advanced research programmes 2 years long.


Lifelong Learning      

Lifelong education is a type of adult education organized by the Ministry of Education and Research jointly with other ministries, as well as with the mass-media and other bodies / institutions concerned. In order to give the citizens regardless of their age better access to science and culture, the Ministry of Education and Research may provide specialist assistance to initiators of adult-training schemes, the courses provided by the latter are and programmes for improvement of a certain qualification. Given the collaboration between the Ministry of Education and Research and the Ministry of Labour and Social Solidarity the courses provided by the latter are certified and recognised by the former.


Open (Distance) Education   

Open (distance) education is a type of adult education using modern ICT. Institutions and networks in the field can run such programmes with the consent of the Ministry of Education and Research. The expenditures falls on the institutions themselves and on the beneficiaries of the respective services.


Private Education

in Romania is best represented in the area of higher education, where the legal, economic and pedagogical fields are dominant.


More information:

www.euroeducation.net/prof/romco.htm - 88k -

www.bibl.u-szeged.hu/oseas/romania_facts.html - 19k -





a.      Not a University degree

b.      Superior studies

c.       Legalization of documents (treaties concerning the authentication of university degrees or professional qualifications)

Through the National Centre for Recognition and Validation of Diplomas (CNRED) within the Romanian Ministry of Education and Research is ensuring the validations of diplomas obtained in foreign countries according to the Conventions ratified by Romania state within the accords with other states and also according to Romanian legislation.

For accessing the Romanian labour market, the foreigner citizens have to submit a request within the National Centre for Recognition and Validation of Diplomas to validate the diplomas.

Please access the National Centre for Recognition and Validation of Diplomas for more details: http://www.cnred.edu.ro/





Please access the National Centre for Recognition and Validation of Diplomas for more details: http://www.cnred.edu.ro/


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