TO THE NATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM
Educational system of the country
Children between 3 and 7 years of age can be enrolled in kindergartens
operating on a regular or extended day programme, or on a week-long
programme. Pre-school education is running on three levels: infant,
middle and junior groups, according to the age and the skills of the
children. To ensure the best possible integration into primary
education, the children aged of 5-6(7) years old enter preparatory
General Compulsory Education
General compulsory education consists in 10 grades (starting with
on the ILO and the EU regulations, the age for starting school went down
to 6 beginning with the academic year 2003 - 2004 (see the Law on
Education 84/1995). The 10 years of compulsory education bring the
students to the age of legal employment (16), when a decision about
study or work can be made.
(grades 5-8 or 5-9 starting with 2003-2004)
level ends with an examination for obtaining the capacity certificate,
which allows enlisting to the contest for admission to the
Upper-secondary education involves high schools, vocational schools and
apprenticeship schools. Admission to each level is based on a contest.
school is organized as a morning programme, with a duration of four
years (grades 9-12) and as an evening or extramural programme, with a
duration of five years (grades 9-13).
Post-secondary education is organized by the Ministry of Education and
Research on its own initiative or on request of the economic agents. The
study period may vary from 1 - 3 years, according to the complexity of
Education for National Minorities
persons belonging to national minorities are entitled to study and
receive instruction in their mother tongue, at all levels and forms of
education. In vocational and high school public education (technical,
economic, administrative, agricultural, forestry, agro-mountain) as well
as in post-secondary education, specialty training is provided in the
mother tongue, but learning of the specialty terminology in Romanian is
mandatory. On request it is possible to set up higher education
institutions with multicultural profile for promoting interethnic co-habitance
and national and European integration. In the public university
education, sections, groups and colleges with tuition in mother tongue
may be established, upon request, in order to train the necessary staff
for the teaching and cultural-artistic activities.
levels of education, the entrance and graduation tests are taken in
Romanian, except for the schools, classes and specialization forms in
which teaching is provided in the respective mother tongue, with
suitable teaching staff and textbooks.
Special Education is provided to pre-schoolers and pupils with mental,
physical, sensorial deficiencies etc. for the purpose of instruction, as
well as for their recuperation and social integration. Special education
is based on study plans, curricula, handbooks and teaching methodologies
designed for each type and degree of handicap. The network involves
kindergartens, primary schools, junior high schools, vocational schools,
high schools and post-secondary schools.
Romanian education system is open to foreign citizens. Foreign citizens
are accepted to attend Study Programs in Romania at any of the above
students wishing to study in Romania can apply directly to the Ministry
of National Education, (specifying the Romanian university they have
already contacted or they wish to attend), in order to receive the
letter of acceptance.
registration the following documents are necessary:
Baccalaureate diploma for undergraduate studies
Graduation certificate - for postgraduate applicants
Academic record translated into English, French or German
official documents have to be submitted personally, in original, at
registration in Romania. Before coming to Romania the documents need to
be endorsed by the Romanian Embassy in the home country.
students, who began to study in their home country or in another
country, can finish their studies in Romania. This is possible according
to each individual case, after the recognition and equivalence of
1998 the Romanian universities introduced the ECTS that facilitates
student mobility within European universities.
the Romanian universities offer some of their courses in English, French
and German. Usually, the foreign students learn Romanian during the
preparatory year. The candidates who speak Romanian can skip the
preparatory year after having passed a test od Romanian language. The
candidates, who can formally prove that they have done their studies in
Romanian for at least four years consecutively, do not need to pass the
Romanian language test or to attend the preparatory year.
information is available at any Romanian university and at the Ministry
of National Education of Romania, the Department of International
Relations: 12 Spiru Haret Street, 70738 Bucuresti, Romania; telephone +
40 1 313 1013; 315 7430 ext. 233 or ext. 357; fax + 40 1 312 6614.
admission examination is required.
foreign students wishing to study architecture, arts or sports, have to
pass a test for specific skills.
studies the applicants have to pass an admission examination in order to
prove the required level of knowledge.
registration is done directly at the institution chosen by the
Fees – are applicable for foreign citizens studying on their own
admission to studies is also granted on the basis of some scholarships
offered by the Romanian government. Those interested are invited to
contact the Romanian embassy in their home country.
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countrystudies.us/romania/47.htm - 18k –