TO THE NATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM
parents wish their children to learn, be successful and be
They hope that through the school, the child will be
prepared to form part of society, as a responsible and active
school can and should help the family in the so important
bringing up children, but this is only possible if the school
the family work together.
work together it is necessary to get to know each other. To
this, we are providing useful information here for
immigrant parents to become more familiar with the kinds of
schools that Portugal has and, in this way, accompany their
first enrolment is made in the calendar year in which the
turns 6 years of age, from the beginning of January until
Enrolment is renewed each year at the end of the academic year.
enrol my son/daughter outside these dates?
school will accept enrolment at any time of the year for
Primary and Middle School (1st, 2nd and 3rd ciclos) when
accompanied by a written request from the person legally
responsible for the child’s education (normally parent or
what happens if it is necessary to change school in the
of the year?
can ask to transfer school at any time of the year.
documents are necessary for enrolment?
Official Identification Paper (Cédula) or Identity Card of
child or a certificate from the Embassy of the country
origin of the child.
completed enrolment form, along with a photograph.
form is supplied by the school and if you have
difficulty in filling it in, the person who gave it to you
be able to help you.
Vaccination Record, Health Centre Card and “Early
Warning Health Record” (“ficha de ligação”). This
document is filled in by the Health Centre and allows early
detection of visual and hearing problems, for example. It
therefore very important that you register at your local
you have any difficulty in otaining these documents,
the school of your problem.
which school should I enrol my son/daughter?
should enrol your child in the school in the area where you
or in the school in your area of work, if that is easier for
enrolment be turned down?
school in your area of residence, no enrolment can be
refused unless the child is older than fifteen years of age, or all
have been filled. In this case, the school itself will try
direct the student to another school in the area.
situation is not regularised, can my children still enrol
children whatever their situation with regard to the laws of
host country, have the right to education and, therefore, the
to attend school and take benefit from this as any other
school can also provide information and counselling, in the
of any doubts or problems.
is the timetable for the classes?
Primary School (1º ciclo)
students receive 25 hours of classes. These start at 9.00 and
at 15.00, with intervals halfway through the morning and
School ( 2º and 3º ciclos)
students have approximately 30 hours of classes, in a
schedule that may be mainly a morning or an afternoon one.
the school have extracurricular activities?
Primary School (1º ciclo)
are schools which offer free time activities (actividades
tempos livres –ATL), normally through the initiative of the
Parents’ Association. Because of this, they are not always free
School ( 2º and 3º ciclos)
middle education schools often offer ‘enrichment activities”
(actividades de enriquecimento) - such as Clubs (Environment,
European, Photography) which are extracurricular and free, but
a limited timetable (two or three hours a week) as well as
the school provide meals?
schools have an eating area and provide meals. The
student pays 1.25 Euros, unless they have a full or partial
there any food subsidy?
necessary to fill out a school form with information about
income. Depending on this income you may have the
to a complete or partial subsidy. In Primary School (1st
milk is distributed free of charge every day to all pupils.
there any subsidy for schoolbooks?
form mentioned in the previous section also determines the
whether complete or partial, to a subsidy for schoolbooks
other material needed for school.
visit the school?
at any time. Talk to the head of the school and ask for any
information that you feel you need.
should I talk to in order to get more information?
school board (direcção da escola) will answer your
questions and know how to put you in touch with others, if that
talk with a teacher of my child?
Whenever a parent has a worry or any urgent need they should
to a teacher. You can do this in person, through the school
telephone or through a message left in the school daily record in
Primary School (1st ciclo) or in the Student’s register
(Caderneta do aluno) in the case of Middle School (2nd and 3rd
there a schedule for attending parents?
primary school there is only one teacher for each class. The
teacher arranges an hour a week to speak to parents.
middle schools each class has several teachers. Contact
be made through the form teacher (director de turma).
these meetings parents and teachers exchange information
the school, classes, and the behaviour and scholastic
progress of the children.
event of it being impossible to talk to the teacher at
his/her availability time, ask for another appointment.
CHILD CANNOT SPEAK PORTUGUESE
does the pupil learn with regard to the Portuguese
Whenever necessary, the school organises support classes for
learning Portuguese, outside the normal timetable.
child has learning difficulties. What can I do?
notice that your child is different in some way from the
brothers or sisters or children who are in his circle (hearing
seeing badly, speaking difficulties or learning slowly),
should tell the teachers to carry out a more careful
examination of the child.
there specific support within/outside the school?
pupils require a different kind of education and greater
attention. These children are integrated into classes and work
alongside their colleagues but, beside their class teacher, they
also have the specific support of a special needs teacher
helps to find the most suitable way of teaching and
responding to any difficulties.
child has already attended school in another country,
can this be equivalenced?
should present a scholastic record to the school, stamped by
Embassy. The student joins a class and immediately starts
attending school, normally in the school year that corresponds to
his/her age. The school can ask for the scholastic record to be
translated, particularly in the final years of school.
RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SCHOOL AND THE
school has the duty, in co-operation with the parents and the
community, to stimulate the balanced development of the child,
in classroom activities and also in the other activities of the
parents have the duty to actively follow the school life of
children, and be in frequent contact with the teachers so as
learn about their children’s progress and problems.
subjects will my child learn?
Primary education is organised around two central themes:
curriculum areas related to subjects
cross-curricular areas (personal and social training)
curriculum areas are integrated and organised in such a way
develop general and specific skills such as: researching,
selecting and organising information, or co-operating with
in tasks and group projects. Education for Citizenship (A
Educação para a Cidadania) is included in all these areas.
cross-curricular areas are common to the three levels of
and Religious education (attendance is not obligatory)
subject curriculum areas vary according to the level of
Primary (1º ciclo)
of the Environment
Artistic and Physical-Motor expression
I (2º ciclo)
History and Geography of Portugal
and Technological Education
II (3º ciclo)
Foreign Language I
Foreign Language II
Optional Subject (particular to each school) – for example – ICT
Information and Communicative Technologies.
– The Ministry of Education’s Centre for Information
Public Relations (Centro de Informação e Relações
do Ministério da Educação)
Av. 5 de
Outubro, 107, 1069-018 Lisboa
93 16 03
96 41 19
– THE HIGH COMMISION FOR IMMIGRATION
ALTO COMISSARIADO PARA A IMIGRAÇÃO E
Foz – Praça dos Restauradores – Apartado 2596
321 95 00/01
Carlos Alberto, 71- 4050-157 PORTO
22 204 61 10
ORGANISATION OF THE PORTUGUESE
OF SCHOOLING YEAR IN SCHOOL
Secondary Education Essential Education
School II (3º ciclo) Compulsory Education
School I (2º ciclo)
Primary Education (1º ciclo)